We define emotional regulation as the process by which individuals exercise agency in the unfolding of their emotions. Individuals regulate their emotions by using their bodies, their cognition, and their environment to adapt to their emotional states. Educators can contribute to the emotional regulation of their students by creating environments that facilitate emotional regulation.

In this e-handbook, we review different literatures that relate to the concept of emotional regulation (as we define it). We also discuss concepts that are related to emotional regulation like self-regulation and emotional intelligence.

Each chapter ends with suggestions for teachers that are based on the literature we reviewed.